11th Class Chemistry Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • question_answer 28) What is meant by hybridization of atomic orbitals? Describe the shapes of \[sp,\,\,s{{p}^{2}},\,\,s{{p}^{3}}\] hybrid orbitals.

    Answer:

    The process of mixing or amalgamation of atomic orbitals of nearly same energy to form a set of new equivalent orbitals is called as hybridization. Formation of \[sp,s{{p}^{2}}\] and \[s{{p}^{3}}\] hybrid orbitals may be given as in following diagrams.  


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