JEE Main & Advanced Chemistry Carboxylic Acids Classification

Classification

Category : JEE Main & Advanced

(1) Carboxylic acids are classified as monocarboxylic acids, dicarboxylic acids, tricarboxylic acids etc. depending on the number of \[COOH\] groups present in the molecule.

 

\[\underset{\text{Monocarboxylic acid}}{\mathop{\underset{\underset{\underset{\underset{{}}{\mathop{{}}}\,}{\mathop{{}}}\,}{\mathop{{}}}\,}{\mathop{C{{H}_{3}}COOH}}\,}}\,\ \ \ \ \ \ \underset{\underset{\text{Dicarboxylic acid}}{\mathop{{}}}\,}{\mathop{\underset{\underset{{}}{\mathop{{}}}\,}{\mathop{\underset{C{{H}_{2}}COOH}{\mathop{\underset{|}{\mathop{C}}\,{{H}_{2}}COOH}}\,}}\,}}\,\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \underset{\text{Tricarboxylic acid}}{\mathop{\underset{{}}{\mathop{\underset{C{{H}_{2}}COOH\,}{\mathop{\underset{\underset{\,|}{\mathop{C}}\,HCOOH\,\,\,}{\mathop{\underset{|}{\mathop{C}}\,{{H}_{2}}COOH}}\,}}\,}}\,}}\,\]

 

(2) Monocarboxylic acids of aliphatic series are commonly known as fatty acids such as palmitic acid \[({{C}_{15}}{{H}_{31}}COOH)\] and stearic acid \[\left( {{C}_{17}}{{H}_{35}}COOH \right)\].

 

(3) The general formula for monocarboxylic acids is \[{{C}_{n}}{{H}_{2n+1}}COOH\,\,\text{or}\,\,{{C}_{n}}{{H}_{2n}}{{O}_{2}}\]. Where n = number of carbon atoms.

 

(4) The carboxylic acids may be aliphatic or aromatic depending upon whether – COOH group is attached to aliphatic alkyl chain or aryl group respectively.

 

 



LIMITED OFFER HURRY UP! OFFER AVAILABLE ON ALL MATERIAL TILL TODAY ONLY!

You need to login to perform this action.
You will be redirected in 3 sec spinner

Free
Videos