8th Class English Types of Sentence Types of Sentences as Per Structure

Types of Sentences as Per Structure

Category : 8th Class

*    Types of Sentences as Per Structure  

 

*        Simple Sentences

A simple sentence is also called an independent clause. It contains a subject and a verb, and expresses a complete thought.  

 

example.jpg

  •  Few students like to study at night.
  •  India plays an important role in promoting peace.
  •  India is an emerging power.

The above given sentences express complete thought. They are simple sentences.  

 

*        Compound Sentences

A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinator. The coordinators are: and, for, so, or, nor, but, etc.  

 

example.jpg

 

  • I try to speak English and my friend Steve speaks French.
  • James was busy in his work so Serena did not disturb him.
  • He is interested to take part in the game but his parents forbade him.

In the above given sentences, each sentence contains two independent clauses which are joined by a coordinator.  

 

*       Complex Sentences

A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent dauses. A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as because, since, after, although, or a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which.  

 

example.jpg

  • When he handed in his homework, he forgot to give the teacher the last page.
  • The teacher returned the homework after noticing the error.
  • The students are studying because they have a test tomorrow.
  • After finishing work, Steve and Smith went to the movie.  

 

Question.jpg    

Identify the kind of sentence in the following questions:  

 

  There are three kinds of sentences.

(A) Simple                                                          

(B) Compound

(C) Complex                                                      

(D) All of these

(E) None of these

 

Answer: (a)  

 

 

  Steve and Smith went to the movie after finishing their work.

(A) Simple                                                          

(B) Compound

(C) Complex                                                      

(D) All of these

(E) None of these

 

Answer: (c)    

 

 

Summary.jpg

  • A group of words which makes complete sense is called a Sentence.
  • The words in a sentence are placed in their proper order to make complete sense.
  • Five types of sentences are Assertive, Interrogative, Imperative, Exclamatory and Optative.
  • There are three types of sentences based on structure. They are Simple, Compound and Complex.
  • A question begins with either a helping verb (is, am, are, was, were, has, have, had, do, does, did, can, will, shall, may, etc.) or a question word (what, where, how, when, whom, which, why, etc.)  

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