Category : 8th Class
A conjunction used to join two independent statements or two statements of equal rank or importance is called a coordinating conjunction. (e.g. and, but, for, yet, so, etc.)
In the above given sentences, the words, 'and' and 'but' are coordinating conjunctions.
Coordinating Conjunctions are of Four Types
(i) Conjunctions that merely add one statement or fact to another.
And, both -- and, as well as, no less than, not only -- but also are common conjunctions of this type:
(The weather was fine. The sea was calm)
(The door was open. My things were lying scattered)
Both -- and
(She is intelligent. She is hard working)
(Kajol gave books. Kajol gave me notes)
As well as
(He is dishonest. His father is dishonest.)
(The captain was drowned. The crew was drowned.)
No less than
(His brother is guilty. He is equally guilty.)
(I am grateful to you. I am equally grateful to your father.)
Not only - but also
(He was my relative. He was my close friend.)
(The train was late. The train was fully packed.)
(ii) Conjunctions that express opposition or contrast between two statements.
But, still, yet, nevertheless, whereas, while, only are conjunctions of this type.
(The train was fully packed. We got seats easily)
(The earthquake was severe. The temple was not damaged.)
(Steve is quite rich. He is not contented)
(We were very tired. We continued the work)
(Wise men prefer quality. Fools prefer quantity.)
(iii) Conjunctions that express a choice between two alternatives
or, otherwise, else, either - or, neither-- nor, are common conjunctions of this type.
(You must apologise. You will be expelled from the school.)
(You must be bold, or you will not be able to face the world.)
Either -- or
(Attend to your lesson. Leave the class.)
(We can walk down. We can take a bus.)
Neither -- nor
(He is not lazy. He is not careless.)
(Kaushik does not look after the house. Kaushik does not take up a job.)
(Hurry up. You will be late for the school)
(iv) Conjunction by which one statement or fact is inferred from another.
For, so, therefore are common conjunctions of this type.
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