Category : 7th Class
A sentence is a group of words that makes complete sense. For example: We have been assigned so many tasks by the teacher.
Kinds of Sentences
Sentences can be divided into five kinds. They are the following;
1. Statement (or Assertive Sentence)
2. Question (or interrogative Sentence)
3. Command (or imperative Sentence)
4. Exclamation (or Exclamatory Sentence)
5. Optative (or Optative Sentence)
Assertive Sentence / Statement or Declarative
A sentence that says or states something is called an assertive or declarative sentence. The sentence which says something in general way is called a Statement or an Assertive Sentence.
Interrogative or Question
A sentence that asks a question is called a Question or an Interrogative Sentence.
Note: A question begins with either Helping Verb (is, am, are, was, were, has, have, had, do, does, did, can, will, shall, may, etc.) or Question word (What, where, how, when, whom, which, why, etc.)
Imperative Sentence or Command, Order, Request, Suggestion, etc.
A sentence that expresses a command/ request or advice is called an Imperative Sentence.
Remember: The subject is generally hidden in Imperative Sentences.
A sentence that expresses a strong emotion or surprise is called an Exclamatory Sentence.
The following is the list of exclamatory words:
Remember: Exclamation mark (!) is put at the end of a sentence or after an exclamatory word.
Optative Sentence or Wishes, Desire, etc.
The sentence which expresses wish, desire or pray is called Optative or Optative Sentence.
Remember: Every Optative Sentence ends with an exclamatory mark!
Identify the kinds of sentence in the following questions:
The pressure was immense but the man surrendered meekly.
A sentence that says or states something is called Assertive Sentence.
How did the whole team come back to the pavilion in less than an hour?
A sentence that asks question is called an Interrogative Sentence.
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