7th Class English Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adverbs Kinds of verb

Kinds of verb

Category : 7th Class

*      Kinds of verb


Action Verbs: An action word tells what the subject does or that it exists.



  •   He created a confusion in the minds of the people.
  •   India resumed talks with Pakistan.
  •   He scored more than expectation.
  •   You are in hurry.
  •   He is late for his class.  


*      Helping Verb or be form of Verb

A helping verb tells when the action of a sentence takes place. The helping verb 'be' has several forms such as 'am', 'is', 'are', 'were' and 'will'. These helping verbs can be used in all three tenses.





  •   He is learning tips to gain knowledge in English Grammar.
  •   You were curious to meet him.
  •   He will contact you in case of any confusion.  


*        Intransitive Verb

An intransitive verb can stand alone in the predicate because its meaning is complete.





  •   He eats.
  •   You joke.
  •   The plant grows.
  •   Steve enquires.
  •   Teacher scolds.

In the above given sentences, the verbs 'rings', 'blossom', 'burns' and 'move' do not need object to complete their sense. They make good sense themselves. So these verbs are Intransitive Verbs.  


*       Transitive Verb

A transitive verb needs a direct object to complete its meaning. The meaning of a sentence with a transitive verb is not complete without a direct object.





  •   He asks a question.
  •   You receive the reward.
  •   We blame the government for all the mishappenings.
  •   My father told me to come home.
  •   Steve buys a computer.
  •   He denied all the allegations.

In the above given sentences, the verbs 'asks', 'receive', 'blame', 'told', 'buys' and denied need objects to complete their sense. They do not make good sense themselves. So these verbs are Transitive Verbs.  


*        Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs change completely in the past tense. Unlike regular verbs, the past tense forms of irregular verbs are not formed by adding 'ed'.  


*     Look at the following examples:

  •   Present: Know, Take, Eat
  •   Past: Knew, Took, Ate
  •   Past: Known, Taken, Eaten  

There are five forms of verb. They are the following:

Present Tense form                                                        : \[\text{(}{{\text{V}}^{\text{1}}})\] -     Go         Come                    Eat

Past Tense form                                                               : \[\text{(}{{\text{V}}^{\text{2}}})\] -     Went                     Came                     Ate

Past Participle form                                                         : \[\text{(}{{\text{V}}^{3}})\] -     Gone                   Come                      Eaten

Present Tense Third Person Singular form                  : \[\text{(}{{\text{V}}^{4}})\] -     Goes                   Comes                  Eats

Ing form                                                                             : \[\text{(}{{\text{V}}^{5}})\] -     Going                  Coming                    Eating  


The following list shows the five forms of verb:

Abide    Abode      Abode           Abides        Abiding
Alight    Alit/Alighted Alit/Alighted     Alights        Aiighting
Arise     Arose      Arisen           Arises         Arising
Awake    Awoke      Awoken           Awakes        Awaking
Be       Was/Were  Been            Is             Being
Bear     Bore       Born/Borne      Bears         Bearing
Beat     Beat       Beaten          Beats         Beating
Become  Became    Become         Becomes       Becoming
Begin    Began      Begun           Begins         Beginning
Behold Beheld Beheld Beholds Beholding
Bend Bent Bent Bends Bending
Bet Bet Bet Bets Betting
Bid Bade Bidden Bids Bidding
Bid Bid Bid Bids Bidding
Bind Bound Bound Binds Binding
Bite Bit Bitten Bites Biting
Bleed Bled Bled Bleeds Bleeding
Blow Blew Blown Blows Blowing
Break Broke Broken Breaks Breaking
Breed Bred Bred Breeds Breeding
Bring Brought Brought Brings Bringing
Broadcast Broadcast Broadcast Broadcasts Broadcasting
Build Built Built Builds Building
Burn Burnt Burnt Burns Burning
Burst Burst Burst Bursts Bursting
Bust Bust Bust Busts Busting
Buy Bought Bought Buys Buying
Cast Cast Cast Casts Casting
Catch Caught Caught Catches Catching
Choose Chose Chosen Chooses Choosing
Clap Clapped Clapped Claps Clapping
Cling Clung Clung Clings Clinging
Clothe Clad/Clothed Clad/Clothed Clothes Clothing
Come Came Come Comes Coming
Cost Cost Cost Costs Costing
Creep Crept Crept Creeps Creeping
Cut cut Cut Cuts cutting
Dare Dared/Durst Dared Dares Daring
Deal Dealt Dealt Deals Dealing
Dig Dug Dug Digs Digging
Dive Dived/Dove Dived Dives Diving
Do Did Done Does Doing
Draw Drew Drawn Draws Drawing
Dream Dreamt Dreamt Dreams Dreaming
Drink Drank Drunk Drinks Drinking
Drive Drove Driven Drives Driving
Dwell Dwelt Dwelt Dwells Dwelling
Eat Ate Eaten Eats Eating
Fall Fell Fallen Falls Falling
Feed Fed Fed Feeds Feeding
Feel Felt Felt Feels Feeling
Fight Fought Fought Fights Fighting
Find Found Found Finds Finding
Fit Fit/Fitted Fit/Fitted Fits Fitting
Flee Fled Fled Flees Fleeing
Fling Flung Flung Flings Flinging
Fty Flew Flown Flies Flying
Forbid Forbade Forbidden Forbids Forbidding
Forecast Forecast Forecast Forecasts Forecasting
Foresee Foresaw Foreseen Foresees Foreseeing
Foretel Foretold Foretold Foretells Foretelling
Forget Forgot Forgotten Forgets Foregetting
Forgive Forgave Forgiven Forgives Forgiving
Forsake Forsook Forsaken Forsakes Forsaking
Freeze Froze Frozen Freezes Freezing
Frostbite Frostbit Frostbitten Frostbites Frostbiting
Get Got Got/Gotten Gets Getting
Give Gave Given Gives Giving
Go Went Gone/Been Goes Going
Grind Ground Ground Grinds Grinding
Grow Grew Grown Grows Growing
Handwrite Handwrote Handwritten Handwrites Handwriting
Hang Hung Hung Hangs Hanging
Have Had Had Has Having
Hear Heard Heard Hears Hearing
Hide Hid Hidden Hides Hiding
Hit Hit Hit Hits Hitting
Hold Held Held Holds Holding
Hurt Hurt Hurt Hurts Hurting
Inlay Inlaid Inlaid Inlays Inlaying
Input Input input Inputs Inputting
Interlay Interlaid Interlaid Interlays Interlaying
Keep Kept Kept Keeps Keeping
Kneel Knelt Knelt Kneels Kneeling
Knit Knit/Knitted Knit/Knitted Knits Knitting
Know Knew Known Knows Knowing
Lay Laid Laid Lays laying
Lead Led Led Leads Leading
Lean Leant Leant Leans Leaning
Leap Leapt Leapt Leaps Leaping
Learn Learnt Learnt Learns Learning
Leave Left Left Leaves Leaving
Lend Lent Lent Lends Lending
Let Let Let Lets Letting
Lie Lay Lain Lies Lying
Light Lit Lit Lights Lighting
Lose Lost Lost Loses Losing
Make Made Made Makes Making
Mean Meant Meant Means Meaning
Meet Met Met Meets Meeting
Melt Melted Molten/Melted Melts Melting
Mislead Misled Misled Misleads Misleading
Mistake Mistook Mistaken Mistake Mistaking
Miswed Miswed Miswed Misweds Miswedding
Mow Mowed Mown Mows Mowing
Overdraw Overdrew Overdrawn Overdraws Overdrawing
Overhear Overheard Overheard Overhears Overhearing
Overtake Overtook Overtaken Overtakes Overtaking
Pay Paid Paid Pays Paying
Preset Preset Preset Presets Presetting
Prove Proved Proven/Proved Proves Proving
Put Put Put Puts Putting
Quit Quit Quit Quits Quitting
Re-prove Re-proved Re-proven Re-proves Re-proving
Read Read Read Reads Reading
Rid Rid/Ridded Rid/Ridded Rids Ridding
Ride Rode Ridden Rides Riding
Ring Rang Rung Rings Ringing
Rise Rose Risen Rises Rising
Rive Rived Riven/Rived Rives Riving
Run Ran Run Runs Running
Saw Sawed Sawn/Sawed Saws Sawing
Say Said Said Says Saying
See Saw Seen Sees Seeing
Seek Sought Sought Seeks Seeking
Sell Sold Sold Sells Selling
Send Sent Sent Sends Sending
Set Set Set Sets Setting
Sew Sewed Sewn/Sewed Sews Sewing
Shake Shook Shaken Shakes Shaking
Shave Shaved Shaven Shaves Shaving
Shear Shore Shorn Shears Shearing
Shed Shed Shed Sheds Shedding
Shine Shone Shone Shines Shining
Shoe Shod Shod Shoes Shoeing
Shoot Shot Shot Shoots Shooting
Show Showed Shown Shows Showing
Shrink Shrank Shrunk Shrinks Shrinking
Shut Shut Shut Shuts Shutting
Sing Sang Sung Sings Singing
Sink Sank Sunk Sinks Sinking
Sit Sat Sat Sits Sitting
Slay Slew Slain Slays Slaying
Sleep Slept Slept Sleeps Sleeping
Slide Slid Slid/Slidden Slides Sliding
Sling Slung Slung Slings Slinging
Slink Slunk Slunk Slinks Slinking
Slit Slit Slit Slits Slitting
Smell Smelt Smelt Smells Smelling
Sneak Sneaked Sneaked Sneaks Sneaking
Soothsay Soothsaid Soothsaid Soothsays Soothsaying
Sow Sowed Sown Sows Sowing
Speak Spoke Spoken Speaks Speaking
Speed Sped Sped Speeds Speeding
Spelt Spelt/Spelled Spelt/Spelled Spells Spelling
Spend Spent Spent Spends Spending
Spill Spilt/Spilled Spilt/Spilled Spills Spilling
Spin Span/Spun Spun Spins Spinning
Spit Spat/Spit Spat/Spit Spits Spitting
Split Split Split Splits Splitting
Spoil Spoilt Spoilt Spoils Spoiling
Spread Spread Spread Spreads Spreading
Spring Sprang Sprung Springs Springing
Stand Stood Stood Stands Standing
Steal Stole Stolen Steals Stealing
Stick Stuck Stuck Sticks Sticking
Sting Stung Stung Stings Stinging
Stink Stank Stunk Stinks Stinking
Stride Strode Stridden Strides Striding
Strike Struck Struck/Stricken Strikes Striking
String Strung Strung Strings Stringing
Strip Stript Stript/Stripped Strips Stripping
Strive Strove Striven Strives Striving
Sublet Sublet Sublet Sublets Subletting
Sunburn Sunburned Sunburned Sunburns Sunburning
Swear Swore Sworn Swears Swearing
Sweat Sweat Sweat Sweats Sweating
Sweep Swept Swept Sweeps Sweeping
Swell Swelled Swollen Swells Swelling
Swim Swam Swum Swims Swimming
Swing Swung Swung Swings Swinging
Take Took Taken Takes Taking
Teach Taught Taught Teaches Teaching
Tear Tore Torn Tears Tearing
Tell Told Told Tells Telling
Think Thought Thought Thinks Thinking
Thrive Throve Thriven Thrives Thriving
Throw Threw Thrown Throws Throwing
Thrust Thrust Thrust Thrusts Thrusting
Tread Trod Trodden Treads Treading
Undergo Underwent Undergone Undergoes Undergoing
Undertake Undertook Undertaken Undertakes Undertaking
Upset Upset Upset Upsets Upsetting
Vex Vext/Vexed Vext/Vexed Vexes Vexing
Wake Woke Woken Wakes Waking
Wear Wore Worn Wears Wearing
Weave Wove Woven Weaves Weaving
Wed Wed Wed Weds Wedding
Weep Wept Wept Weeps Weeping
Wend Wended Wended Wends Wending
Wet Wet/Wetted Wet/Wetted Wets Wetting
Win Won Won Wins Winning
Wind Wound Wound Winds Winding
Withdraw Withdrew Withdrawn Withdraws Withdrawing
Withhold Withheld Withheld Withholds Withholding
Withstand Withstood Withstood Withstands Withstanding
Wring Wrung Wrung Wrings Wringing
Write Wrote Written Writes Writing





Fill in the blanks with suitable verb.  


  What did he __________ you about me?

(A) Tell                                                                 

(B) Told

(C) Tells                                                               

(D) Telling

(E) Abstract Noun


Answer: (A)

Explanation: What did he tell you about me?  



  This problem can only be _____________ by you.

(A) Solve                                                             

(B) Solved

(C) Solving                                                          

(D) All of these

(E) Abstract Noun


Answer: (B)

Explanation: This problem can only be solved by you.    





A verb is a word which shows an action, state of being or possession of a noun or pronoun.

The word which says something about a noun or pronoun is called a Verb. (All saying words are verbs).

Action Verbs: An action verb tells what the subject does.

Helping Verbs: A helping verb tells when the action of a sentence takes place.

Transitive Verb: The verb which requires an object after it to complete its sense is called Transitive verb.

Intransitive Verb: The verb which does not require an object to complete its sense, but makes complete sense by itself is called an Intransitive Verb.    

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