6th Class English Voice and Narration Active to Passive as per Tense

Active to Passive as per Tense

Category : 6th Class

*     Active to Passive as per Tense  

 

*       Present Tense

1.       Simple Present Tense

Active  : Subject + Verb + Object

Example : I like tea.

Passive : Object + is / am /are + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + by + Subject

Example : Tea is liked by me.  

 

2.       Present Continuous Tense

Active  : Subject + is / am / are + verb (ing) + Object.

Example : He is writing a story.

Passive : Object + is / am / are + being + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + by + Subject.

Example: A story is being written by him.  

 

3.       Present Perfect Tense

Active  : Subject + has / have + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + Object

Example : Richards has eaten apple.

Passive : Object + has / have + been + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + by + Subject.

Example : Apple has been eaten by Richards.  

 

4.       Present Perfect Continuous Tense

No Passive.  

 

*       Past Tense

1.       Simple Past Tense

Active : Subject + \[{{V}_{2}}\] + Object

Example : He wrote a letter.

Passive : Object + was / were + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + by + Subject

Example : A letter was written by him.  

 

2.       Past Continuous Tense

Active  : Subject + was / were + verb (ing) + Object.

Example : They were making noise.

Passive : Object + was / were + being + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + by + Subject

Example : Noise was being made by them.  

 

3.       Past Perfect Tense

Active  : Subject + had + \[{{V}_{3}}\]+ Object

Example : The police had arrested the thieves.

Passive : Object + had + been + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + by + Subject

Example : The thieves had been arrested by the police.  

 

4.       Past Perfect Continuous Tense

No Passive.  

 

*       Future Tense

1.       Simple Future Tense

Active  : Subject + shall / will + verb + object

Example : He will pass the exam.

Passive : Object + shall / will + be + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + by + Subject.

Example : The exam will be passed by him.  

 

2.       Future Continuous Tense

No Passive  

 

3.       Future Perfect Tense

Active  : Subject + shall/will + have + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + Object.

Example : You will have completed the task.

Passive : Object + shall / will + have + been + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + by + subject.

Example : The task will have been completed by him.  

 

4.       Future Perfect Continuous Tense

No Passive  

 

*       Modal verbs (Can, Could, May, Might, Must, Should, Would + Main Verb)

Active       :           Subject + modal + verb + object.

Example   :          Richards can eat apple.

Passive     :          Object + modal + be + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + by + Subject.

Example   :          Apple can be eaten by Richards.

Active       :           Richards should eat apple.

Passive     :          Apple should be eaten by Richards.

Active       :           Richards may eat apple.

Passive     :          Apple may be eaten by Richards.  

 

*       Passive Voice of Interrogative Sentence

When Active Voice of Interrogative sentence is changed into Passive voice, the structure of the question remains the same. Same rules of changing different tense forms are applied.

(I)   Passive Voice of Questions starting with and Auxiliary Verb

Active :                 Auxi. Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object

Example :            Does Rajiv eat bread?

Passive :              Auxi. Verb + Object + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + by + Subject

Example :            Is bread eaten by Rajiv?  

 

*        Remember it

The Auxiliary Verbs do, does, did of Active Voice in Interrogative sentence change into is, am, was, were in Passive Voice.

Active :                 Auxi. Verb + Subject + Verb (ing) + Object

Example:             Is Rajiv eating bread?

Passive :              Auxi. Verb + Object + being + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + by + Subject

Example :            Is bread being eaten by Rajiv?

Active :                 Auxj. Verb + subject + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + Object.

Example:             Has Rajiv eaten bread?

Passive :              Auxi. Verb + object + been + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + by + Subject

Example:             Has bread been eaten by Rajiv?  

 

(ii)   Passive Voice of "what" Questions: When active voice of a wh- question is changed into passive voice, the question word is retained in the beginning and by + agent is place at the end:

Active:                  What + Auxi. verb + Subject + Main Verb.

Example:             What does Rajiv eat?

Passive:               What + Auxi. verb + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + by + subject.

Example:             What is eaten by Rajiv?

Active:                  Who + \[{{V}_{3}}\] + Object

Example:             Who ate bread?    

 

*         Passive Voice of Imperative Sentence

There are specific rules to change the voice of different Imperative sentence.

(i)   Passive Voice of Command/Order or Prohibition

When a command/order or prohibition is changed into Passive Voice, the word let is used in the beginning. The Imperative Verb is changed into be + \[{{V}_{3}}\] (Past Participle)

Active :                 Imperative Verb + Object.

Example :            Close the window.

Passive :              Let + Object + be + \[{{V}_{3}}\]

Example :            Let the window be closed.

Active :                 Imperative Verb + Object.

Example :            Don't lift the box.

Passive :              Let + Object + be + not + \[{{V}_{3}}\]

Example :            Let the box be not lifted.  

 

(ii)  Passive Voice of Advice

When an Advice is changed into Passive Voice the Object of the Advice is changed into the Subject and used in the beginning. The Imperative Verb is changed into "should/must" + 'be' + \[{{V}_{3}}\]  (Past Participle)

Active       :           Imperative Verb + object.

Example   :          Take milk daily.

Passive     :          Object + should/must + be + \[{{V}_{3}}\]

Example   :          Milk should be taken daily.

Active       :           Imperative Verb + object

Example   :          Obey the teacher.

Passive     :          Object + should/must + be + \[{{V}_{3}}\]

Example   :          The teacher should be obeyed.  

 

(iii) Passive Voice of Request

When a request is changed into Passive Voice, a Phrase "you are requested to" is placed in the beginning. The Imperative Verb does not change.

Active      :            Please + Verb + Object.

Example  :           Please help me.

Passive    :           You are requested to + Verb + Object.

Example  :           You are requested to help me.

Active      :            Please + verb + object.

Example  :           Please read this letter.

Passive    :           You are requested to + verb + object.

Example  :           You are requested to read this letter.  

 

*       Passive Voice of Verbs with two Objects

While changing the voice of verbs with two objects, either of the two objects can be made the subject of the Passive Voice. The other Object remains unchanged.

Active       :           Subject + \[{{V}_{2}}\] + \[{{\text{O}}_{\text{1}}}\] (Indirect Object) + \[{{\text{O}}_{2}}\] (Direct Object)

Example   :          Rajiv gave Juliet a pen.

Passive     :          \[{{\text{O}}_{2}}\] + was / were + \[{{V}_{3}}\] +\[{{\text{O}}_{2}}\] + by + subject.

Example   :          Juliet was given a pen by Rajiv.

Active       :           \[{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}\] + was / were + \[{{\text{V}}_{\text{3}}}\]+ \[{{\text{O}}_{\text{1}}}\] by + Subject.

Example   :          A pen was given to Juliet by Rajiv.

Passive     :          Subject + \[{{\text{V}}_{\text{1}}}\text{+}{{\text{O}}_{\text{1}}}\text{+}{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}\]

Example   :          Pinky gives James a bag.  

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