6th Class English Preposition Preposition

Preposition

Category : 6th Class

*     Definition

 

A preposition is a word which comes before a noun or a pronoun and shows its relation to other words in the sentence.  

 

*        See the following examples:

1.   Preposition of time

(A) I got up at 9 o'clock.

(B) She has been dancing for two hours.

(C) She has been swimming since two p.m.  

2.   Preposition of manner

(A) He earns money by boxing

(B) She played with care.

(C) He walks on his legs.  

3.   Preposition of place

(A) An accident took place near the church.

(B) A truck ran over a cycle.

(C) Stars shine in the sky.  

4.    Preposition of direction

(A ) The rat ran towards the hole.

(B) She went around the temple.

(C) A saint came from the East  

 

*        Look at the following usage of prepositions  

Preposition Usage Examples
on day of the work on Monday
in mother/seasons time of the day year after a certain period of the (when?) in august in winter in the morning in 2006 in an hour
at     since for ago for night for weekend a certain point of time (when? ) from a certain point of time (past till now) over a certain period of time (past till now) a certain time in the past at night at the weekend at the past nine since 1980 for 2 years 2 years ago  
before earlier than a certain point of time before 2004
to telling the time ten to six (5:50)
past telling he times ten past six (6:10)
to /till/ until making the beginning and end of a period of time form Monday to/till/ Friday
till/until in the sense of how long something is going to last he is on holidays until Friday
by in the sense of at the latest up to a certain time i will be back by 6 o' clock by 11 o'clock i had read five pages.

 

*      Prepositions - place (position and direction): usage

Preposition Usage Examples
In Room building, street town, country Book paper Picture, world etc. In the kitchen in London In the book In the car, in a taxi In the picture in the world
at Meaning next to by an object for table for events place where you to do something typical (watch a film, study, work) at door at the station at the table at a concert, at the party at the cinema, at school, at work
on attached for a place with a river being on a surface for a certain side (left, right) for a floor a house for public transport for television, radio the picture on the well London lies on the Thames. On the table On the left On the first floor On the bus, on a plane On TV. On the radio
by, next to, beside Left or right of somebody or something Jane is standing by / Next to / besides the car
Under On the ground lower than (or covered by) something else The bag is under the table  
over covered by something else meaning more than getting to the other side (also across) overcoming an obstacle Put a jacket over your shirt Over 16 years of age Walk over the bridge Climb over the wall

 

Preposition Usage Examples
In. Overcoming an obstacle Climb over the wall
above Higher than something else but not directly over it a path above the lake
across getting to the other side (also over) getting to the other sides walk across the bridge swim across the lake
through something with limits on top. Bottom and the sides drive through the tunnel  
to movement to a place or building movement to a place or country for bad go to the cinema go to London / Ireland go to bed
into enter a room / a building go into the kitchen / the house
towards movement in the direction of something (but not directly to it) go 5 step towards the house
onto movement to the top of something jump onto the table
from in the sense of where from  a flower from the garden

 

*        Some other common prepositions:

Preposition Usage Examples
from who gave it A present from Jane
of Who / what does it belong to what does it show a page of the book the picture of a place
by who made it A book by mark twain
On Walking or riding on horseback Entering a public transport vehicle On foot, on horseback get on the bus
In entering a car / Taxi get in the car
Off leaving a public transport vehicle get off the train
Out of Leaving a car / Taxi get out the taxi
by Rise or fall of something traveling (other than walking or horse riding ) prices have risen by 10 percent by car, by bus
at for age She learned Russian at 45
about For topics, meaning what about we were taking about you

 

 

Summary.jpg

A preposition is a word which comes before a noun or a pronoun and shows its relation to other words in the sentence.

1. Time

(A) I got up at 9 o'clock.

(B) She has been dancing for two hours.

(C) She has been swimming since two p.m.  

2. Manner

(A) He earns money by boxing

(B) She played with care.

(C) He walks on his legs.  

3. Place

(A) An accident took place near the church.

(B) A truck ran over a cycle.

(C) Stars shine in the sky.  

4. Direction

(A) The rat ran towards the hole.

(B) She went around the temple.

(C) A saint came from the East.

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