**Category : **1st Class

When the minute hand is atthen the actual time is the number that is indicated by the shorter or hour hand. For example, just see the following:

Here the longer or the minute hand is at 12 and hour or shorter hand indicates 9. Therefore, the time is 9 or 9 O ' clock. Similarly, in the clock shown below. The time is 4 or 4 O'clock.

When the minute hand is at any number we do counting in 5 like.

If minute hand is atit showsminutes.

If minute hand is atit showsminutes.

If minute hand is atit showsminutes.

And this process goes on Let's look at the picture given below:

Here the shorter or hour hand stays between &while minute hand indicates. So the time is 01 : 20 . When we do counting infor it goes asand.

Thus the longer hand indicatesminutes.

It does mean the actual time is 1: 20 and we read it as 20 minutes past 1.

Similarly if shorter or hour hand is somewhere between&and minute hand is at 5 then the time is 2:25 and it will be read as '25' minutes past 2.

When the longer or minute hand is at, the time is read as the half past the hour.

Let's see the picture given below:

Here the hour or shorter hand is somewhere between& and minute hand is at. Therefore, the time is 1: 30 and it is read as 'half past 1'

Similarly if the hour hand is somewhere between&and minute hand is atthen the actual time is 4 : 30 and it is read as 'half past 4'

**What is the time shown by the watch given below:**

(a) 7 O'clock

(b) 5 O'clock

(c) 9 O'clock

(d) 8 O'clock

**Answer: (d)**

**Explanation**

Hour hand is atand minute hand is at (see trick 1).

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (d).

Therefore, option (d) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.

**Which one of the following watches shows the time 05:05?**

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

**Answer: (c)**

**Calendar**

**In a week there are seven days. They are the following:**

Days | Description |

Monday | Monday is called the first day of the week |

Tuesday | Tuesday is called the second day of the week |

Wednesday | Wednesday is called the third day of the week |

Thursday | Thursday is called the fourth day of the week |

Friday | Friday is called the fifth day of the week |

Saturday | Saturday is called the sixth day of the week |

Sunday | Sunday is called the seventh day of the week |

**What comes two days after Sunday?**

(a) Monday

(b) Tuesday

(c) Wednesday

(d) Thursday

**Answer: (c)**

**Explanation**

Two days after Sunday is Wednesday

**Months in a Year**

**There are 12 months in a year. The name of the months is given in the following table:**

Months | Short Form | Days | |

1 | January | Jan. 31 | It is the first month of the year |

2 | February | Feb. 28/29 | It is the second month of the year |

3 | March | Mar. 31 | It is the third month of the year |

4 | April | Apr. 30 | It is the fourth month of the year |

5 | May | May 31 | It is the fifth month of the year |

6 | June | Jun.30 | It is the sixth month of the year |

7 | July | Jul. 31 | It is the seventh month of the year |

8 | August | Aug. 31 | It is the eighth month of the year |

9 | September | Sep. 30 | It is the nineth month of the year |

10 | October | Oct. 31 | It is the tenth month of the year |

11 | November | Nov. 30 | It is the eleventh month of the year |

12 | December | Dec. 31 | It is the last month of the year |

February is the only month in which number of days varies. Otherwise all the months have fixed number of days. In a year there aredays. Every leap year hasdays. Soextra day is added in the month of February. Leap year comes after every four years.

**How many months in a year have 31 days?**

(a) 5 months

(b) 6 months

(c) 7 months

(d) 8 months

**Answer: (c)**

**Explanation**

In a year there aremonths which have days.

**Which one of the following months is the second last month of the year?**

(a) October

(b) November

(c) December

(d) None of these

**Answer: (b)**

**Explanation**

November is the second last month of the year.

**Which day comes before Friday?**

(a) Monday

(b) Tuesday

(c) Wednesday

(d) Thursday

**Answer: (d)**

**Explanation**

Thursday comes before Friday.

- 10 years is called decade and 100 years is called century.

- Time is a period or duration of certain event.
- Hours, minutes and seconds are the units of time. Hours =day Hour= minutes minute = seconds
- A clock has numbersto
- A clock has shorter or hour hand and minute or longer hand.
- A clock hasminutes spaces between two consecutive numbers.
- The dial of a clock hassmall divisions.
- In a week there are 7 days. In a year there are 12 months.

*play_arrow*Time and Calendar*play_arrow*Introduction*play_arrow*Hours, Minutes and Seconds*play_arrow*Knowing Time*play_arrow*Time Indicating Watches*play_arrow*Reading Time from a Clock

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