10th Class English Judging Logic of Story Practice Exercise

Practice Exercise

Category : 10th Class

     

 

Arrange the four parts P, Q, R and S between A and B in order to make a sensible story or a sequence of a story.        

 

  A:    There was once a little boy who had a bad temper. His Father gave him a bag of nails and told him that every time he lost his temper, he must hammer a nail into the back of the fence.

P:    The first day the boy had driven 37 nails into the fence. Over the next few weeks, as he learned to control his anger, the number of nails hammered daily gradually dwindled down.

Q:   The father took his son by the hand and led him to the fence. He said, "You have done well, my son, but look at the holes in the fence."

R:    He discovered it was easier to hold his temper than to drive those nails into the fence. Finally, the day came when the boy didn't lose his temperat all.

S:    He told his father about it and the father suggested that the boy now pull out one nail for each day that he was able to hold his temper. The day passed and the young boy was finally able to tell his father that all the nails were gone.

B:    The fence will never be the same. When you say things in anger, they leave a scar just like this one. You can put a knife in a man and draw it out. It won't matter how many times you say I'm sorry, the wound is still there. A verbal wound is as bad as a physical one.

(a) P R S Q                                                          

(b) R P Q S                          

(c) R S P Q                                                           

(d) Q P S R

(e) None of these  

 

 

    A:    A man found a cocoon of a butterfly. One day a small opening appeared; he sat and watched the butterfly for several hours as it struggled to force its body through that little hole. Then it seemed to stop making any progress. It appeared as if it had gotten as far as it could and it could go no farther.

P:    Neither happened! In fact, the butterfly spent the rest of its life crawling around with a swollen body and shriveled wings. It never was able to fly.

Q:    The man continued to watch the butterfly because he expected that, at any moment, the wings would enlarge and expand to be able to support the body, which would contract in time.

R:    What this man in his kindness and haste did not understand was that the restricting cocoon and the struggle required for the butterfly to get through the tiny opening were nature's way of forcing fluid from the body of the butterfly into its wings so that it would be ready for flight once it achieved its freedom from the cocoon.

S:    Then the man decided to help the butterfly, so he took a pair of scissors and snipped off the remaining bit of the cocoon. The butterfly then emerged easily. But it had a swollen body and small, shriveled wings.

B:    Sometimes struggles are exactly what we need in our life. If nature allowed us to go through our life without any obstacles, it would cripple us. We would not be as strong as what we could have been. And we could never fly.

(a) S P Q R                                                          

(b) S Q P R                          

(c) P Q R S                                                           

(d) R Q P S

(e) None of these      

 

 

  A:    "This discovery is important to food scientists and candy lovers because it will give them yummier caramel flavours and more tantalizing textures. It even gives the pharmaceutical industry a way to improve excipients, the proverbial spoonful of sugar that helps your medicine go down," said Shelly J. Schmidt, a University of Illinois professor of food chemistry.

P:    Schmidt and graduate student Joo Won Lee didn't intend to turn an established rule of food science on its head. But they began to suspect that something was amiss when they couldn't get a constant melting point for sucrose in the work that they were doing.

Q:    In a presentation to the Institute of Food Technologists about the importance of the new discovery, Schmidt told the food scientists they could use the new findings to manipulate sugars and improve their products' flavour and consistency.

R:    "Certain flavour compounds give you a nice caramel flavour, whereas others give you a burnt or bitter taste. Food scientists will now be able to make more of the desirable flavours because they won't have to heat to a 'melting' temperature but can instead hold sugar over a low temperature for a longer period of time," she said.

S:    Candy makers will be able to use a predictable time-temperature relationship, as the dairy industry does in milk pasteurization, to achieve better results, she said.

B:    The scientists determined that the melting point of sugar was heating-rate dependent.

(a) R P Q S                                                          

(b) S P R Q                          

(c) O R P S                                                           

(d) Q R S P

(e) None of these  

 

 

  A:    Once upon a time, there was a selfish man. He liked everything to be his own. He could not share his belongings with anyone, not even his friends or the poor.

P:    One day, the man lost thirty gold coins. He went to his friend's house and told him how he lost his gold coins. His friend was a kind man.

Q:    The judge then told the man that the gold coins did not belong to him because the girl found thirty and not forty as he claimed to have lost and then told the girl to take the gold coins and that if any- body is looking for them he will send for the girl.

R:    As his friend's daughter was coming from an errand she found thirty gold coins, when she arrived home, she told her father what she had found. The girl's father told her that the gold coins belong to his friend and he sent for him. When the selfish man arrived, he told him how his daughter had found his thirty gold coins and handed then to him. After counting the gold coins the man said that ten of them was missing and had been taken by the girl as he had forty gold coins. He further commented that he will recover the remaining amount from him. But the girl's father refused.

S:    The man left the gold coins and went to the court and informed the judge there about what had taken place between him and the girl's father. The judge sent for the girl and her father, and when they arrived asked the girl how many gold coins did she find. She replied thirty gold coins. The Judge that asked the selfish man how many gold coins did he lose and he answered forty gold coins.

B:    The judge told the man that if anybody reports that they have found forty gold coins he will send for him. It was then that the man confessed that he lied and that he lost thirty gold coins but the judge did not listen to him.

(a) P R S Q                                                            

(b) P R Q S                          

(c) S R Q P                                                           

(d) Q S R P

(e) None of these

 

 

  A:    The Southampton University Laser Sintered Aircraft (SULSA) plane is an unmanned air vehicle (UAV) whose entire structure has been printed, including wings, integral control surfaces and access hatches. It was printed on an EOS EOSINT P730 nylon laser sintering machine, which fabricates plastic or metal objects, building up the item layer by layer.

P:     This project has been led by Professors Andy Keane and Jim Scanlan from the University's Computational Engineering and Design Research group.

Q:    Using conventional materials and manufacturing techniques, such as composites, this would normally take months, Furthermore, because no tooling is required for manufacture, radical changes to the shape and scale of the aircraft can be made with no extra cost.

R:    No fasteners were used and all equipment was attached using 'snap fit' techniques so that the entire aircraft can be put together without tools in minutes. The electric powered vehicle aircraft, with a 2-metres wingspan, has a top speed of nearly 100 miles per hour, but when in cruise mode is almost silent. The aircraft is also equipped with a miniature autopilot developed by Dr Matt Bennett, one of the members of the team.

S:    Laser sintering allows the designer to create shapes and structures that would normally involve costly traditional manufacturing techniques. This technology allows a highly-tailored aircraft to be developed from concept to first flight in days.

B:    SULSA is part of the EPSRC-funded DECODE project, which is employing the use of leading edge manufacturing techniques, such as laser sintering, to demonstrate their use in the design of UAVs.

(a) P Q S R                                                          

(b) R S Q P                          

(c) R P S Q                                                           

(d) Q P R S

(e) None of these

 

 

  A:    In the end, it got a bit tedious, queuing to see the millionaire. As befitted our colour, marshals waved us through the outer gates into the court of preliminary investigation; but here we waited for some hours with perhaps a thousand others until, eventually, there we rechecks on the authenticity of our displays; and then more serious enquiries into records. In eight of our group a deficiency was revealed. Our number fell to twelve.

P:    After that it was the whole day progressing along an upward- spiralling ramp, rehearsing answers to hypothetical questions, eyeing each other until we reached the first level platform and presented ourselves. "You have been informed," said the evaluator, "that only one qualifies here. I decide who'.

Q:   Tests continued throughout the night; but I experienced no difficulty in producing correct responses. As the sun rose, the other eleven of my group were on the downward ramp, while I rejoined the slow onward climb.                                                  

R:    It was not easy to avoid contact with those around me, who – also sole survivors of their groups - attempted to find out in disingenuous conversation what level of competition they now faced. I feigned an auditory defect and gave short, bizarre, answers. I was soon left to myself

S:    The second level was reached, once again, some time towards evening. Here the questioning was more indeterminate, designed to pick up motivational anomalies, signs of ambivalence.

B:    But my preparations were adequate. The reasons for wishing to observe the millionaire were seen to reflect an inherent temporal sense, developed to a keen historical perspective. My experience would have novelty.

(a) Q R P S                                                          

(b) R P Q S                          

(c) P Q R S                                                           

(d) S Q R S

(e) None of these

 

 

 

 

1.                A

2.                B

3.                D

4.                A

5.                B

6.                c

 

 

 

  • Judging logic of action, involves two ways in which actions play a role: On the one hand, utterances are actions and on the other they can be used to talk about actions.
  • The first leads to the study of speech acts, a branch of pragmatics, the second to the study of the semantic so faction reports, hence is of a distinctly semantic nature.
  • In addition to this, there is a special type of semantics, dynamic semantics, where meanings are not considered as state descriptions but as changes in the state of a listener.

 

 

 

  • The concept is to correlate the sentences between the first and the last.
  • Proper sequential framing of the sentences need to be carried out so as to match the paragraph with the first and last sentences.
  • Logical inferences basing on logical propositions can provide hint in judging the logic of action.

 

 

 

  • In judging logic of action, the sentences and ideas in a paragraph are logically arranged.
  • The arrangement of the sentences should flow smoothly.
  • Although you dolnot need to include a linking word or phrase in every sentence, you should use enough of them to help your reader follow your ideas clearly.
  • Consider all the sentences in a paragraph to relate to the topic and develop the main idea.

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