Category : 8th Class
COMPREHENSION (PROSE & POETRY)
Being an area that tests a candidate's understanding of the language, comprehension consists of questions based on given text (a passage, one or more paragraphs). Questions may even be based on certain real-life situations to test how good a candidate is at fact-finding, sifting through information, interpreting text, concluding from given information and discerning between stated and implied meanings of the given information. Understanding of vocabulary, rhetorical tools, hunting for the required information while keeping the holistic picture in mind, etc., are essential comprehension skills at play in this area.
Poetry comprehension requires deeper understanding of the poetic devices and literary expressions. You have to be acquainted with these areas practising small passages first.
TIPS FOR POETRY COMPREHENSION
Consider, first, the literal meaning of the poem; that is, what is the concrete object or idea being discussed.
Once that is identified, concern yourself with analysis and symbolic meaning.
To comprehend means 'to understand and grasp'. A comprehension exercise is, therefore, meant to test a candidate's ability to understand and retain the contents of a given passage.
Trend of Questions:
In this type of questions, generally a long passage consisting of certain paragraphs is given, followed by 10-15 questions based on it. The questions may be based on:
(i) Theme of the passage
(ii) Choosing the correct or wrong statement on the basis of the given passage
(iii) View of the author regarding the main point discussed in the passage
(iv) Synonyms or Antonyms of some selected words in the passage
The technique of Solving:
"In Questions on Synonyms & Antonyms, what is to be remembered is that the answer is to be given according to the sense in which the word has been used in the passage, not just on the basis of its literal meaning.
Example: Read the following passage and answer the questions that/allow:
Nature is like business. Business sense dictates that we guard our capital and live from the interest. Nature's capital is the enormous diversity of living things. Without it, we cannot feed ourselves, cure ourselves of illness or provide industry with the raw materials of wealth creation. Professor Edward Wilson, of Harvard University says, "The folly our descendants are least likely to forgive us is the ongoing loss of genetic and species diversity. This will take millions of years to correct."
Only 150 plant species have ever been widely cultivated. Yet over 75,000 edible plants are known in the wild. In a hungry world, with a population growing by 90 million each year, so much wasted potential is tragic. Medicines from the wild are worth around 40 billion dollars a year. Over 5000 species are known to yield chemical with cancer fighting potential. Scientists currently estimate that the total number of species in the world is between 10-30 million with only around 1.4 million identified.
The web of life is torn when mankind exploits natural resources in short-sighted ways.
The trade in tropical hardwoods can destroy whole forests to extract just a few commercially attractive specimens. Bad agricultural practice triaggers 24 billion tonnes of top soil erosion a year losing the equivalent of 9 million tonnes of grain output. Cutting this kind of unsuitable exploitation and instituting "sustainable utilisation" will help turn the environmental crisis around.
(a) Because of the capital depletion in nature and business
(b) Because of the similarity with which one should use both
(c) Because of the same interest level yield
(d)Because of the diversity of the various capital inputs
(a) Reducing the profit margin
(b) Not pumping some money out of profits into the business.
(c) Eroding the capital lease of the business
(d) Putting interest on capital back into the business
(a) The diversity of plant life is essential for human existence.
(b) Scientists know the usefulness of most plant species.
(c) Chemicals for cancer treatment are available from plants.
(d) There are a round ten times the plant species undiscovered as compared to the discovered ones.
(a) In crease the number of edible plants being cultivated.
(b) In crease cultivation of the 150 species presently under cultivation,
(c) Increase the cultivation of medical plants,
(d) Increase the potential of the uncultivated edible plants?
(a) Soil Erosion
(b) Destruction of habitat
(d) Agricultural practices
DIRECTIONS: Choose the word which is nearly same in meaning to the given word as used in the passage.
(a) Consumed (b) Squandered
(c) Unutilised (d) Unprofitable
(a) Starts (b) Makes
(c) Results (d) Causes
(a) Cost (c) Deserving
(c) Purchase (d) Sell
DIRECTIONS: Choose the word which is nearly opposite in meaning to the given word as used in the passage.
(a) Uniting (d) Increasing
(c) Joining GUARD (d) Combining
(a) Demolish (b) Relieve
(c) Joining (d) Release
The author's statement that over 5000 species are known to yield chemical with cancer fighting potential verifies (c).
According to the passage, the total number of plant species is 10-30 million and that of those identified is 1.4 million. Thus, (d) is correct,
So, to take care of hunger in the world, the potential of uncultivated edible species should be increased.
So, opposite of it is 'demolish'.
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