Animal Life - I (Adaptations in Animals)
Spiders produce silk to make their webs. They trap prey in the web, but do not get caught in their own webs because the tips of their legs are oily.
- Animals which live on land or in the burrows or below the surface of the ground are called terrestrial animals. Most of these have legs, lungs to breathe and well developed sensory organs like eyes, ears, skin and nose.
e.g. Human beings, lions, rabbits, etc.
- Animals which spend most of their time on trees are called arboreal animals. They have strong arms, legs and claws to hold the branches firmly and support their body weight when they sit on trees.
e.g. Monkey, lizard, chameleon, etc.
- Animals which fly in air are aerial animals. Aerial animals, like birds and bats, have wings to fly.
- Animals which live in water are called aquatic animals. These have modified limbs like fins and flippers which help them to swim. They breathe through gills and lungs.
e.g. Fish, crabs, whales etc.
- Animals which can live in water as well as on the land are called amphibians. These have limbs which help them to swim in water and walk on land.
e.g. Frogs, toads and salamanders.
- Animals which live by eating plants are called plant eating animals or herbivores. They have sharp cutting teeth and strong grinding teeth.
e.g. Buffaloes, goats and sheep.
- Animals which live by eating other animals are called flesh eating animals or carnivores. They have strong tearing teeth.
e.g. Tiger, lion and dog.
- Animals which eat both plants as well as other animals are called omnivores.
e.g. Bear, crow and human beings.
- Animals which live inside or on the bodies of other animals are called parasites.
Some of them have sucking tubes to suck food from hosts. They cause damage to the host.
- Animals adapt their body structure to survive in their surroundings. The following are some examples.
Animals like polar bear, silver fox and himalayan rabbit have brown coats and white thick more...