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So learn What happens on Addition of Water to Alkynes

As with alkenes, the addition of water to alkynes requires a strong acid, usually sulfuric acid, and is facilitated by mercuric sulfate. However, unlike the additions to double bonds which give alcohol products, addition of water to alkynes gives ketone products ( except for acetylene which yields acetaldehyde ).
The explanation for this deviation lies in enol-keto tautomerization, illustrated by the following equation. The initial product from the addition of water to an alkyne is an enol (a compound having a hydroxyl substituent attached to a double-bond), and this immediately rearranges to the more stable keto tautomer.
Tautomers are defined as rapidly interconverted constitutional isomers, usually distinguished by a different bonding location for a labile hydrogen atom (colored red here) and a differently located double bond. The equilibrium between tautomers is not only rapid under normal conditions, but it often strongly favors one of the isomers ( acetone, for example, is 99.999% keto tautomer ). Even in such one-sided equilibria, evidence for the presence of the minor tautomer comes from the chemical behavior of the compound. Tautomeric equilibria are catalyzed by traces of acids or bases that are generally present in most chemical samples. The three examples shown below illustrate these reactions for different substitutions of the triple-bond.
The tautomerization step is indicated by a red arrow. For terminal alkynes the addition of water follows the Markovnikov rule, as in the second example below, and the final product ia a methyl ketone ( except for acetylene, shown in the first example ). For internal alkynes ( the triple-bond is within a longer chain ) the addition of water is not regioselective. If the triple-bond is not symmetrically located ( i.e. if R & R' in the third equation are not the same ) two isomeric ketones will be formed.
HC≡CH   +   H2O   +   HgSO4 & H2SO4   ——>  [ H2C=CHOH ]   ——>   H3C-CH=O
RC≡CH   +   H2O   +   HgSO4 & H2SO4   ——>  [ RC(OH)=CH2 ]   ——>   RC(=O)CH3
RC≡CR'   +   H2O   +   HgSO4 & H2SO4   ——>  [ RHC=C(OH)R'   +   RC(OH)=CHR' ]   ——>   RCH2-C(=O)R'   +   RC(=O)-CH2R' 

In this video Mr. Lalit Sardana (IIT-JEE AIR 243) is trying to explain the students addition of water to alkynes. He is a true educational tutor who has been teaching students since past many years. He is teaching tautomerisation, enol, carbonyl compound, allyl, vinyl, benzyl groups. This video is useful to the students appearing in class 11th CBSE, 12th CBSE, JEE Mains, JEE Advanced, AIPMT, AFMC, VITEEE, MPPET, AIIMS,etc. 



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